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 Hanoi Geography

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Hanoi  Geography

Topography
Covering an area of more than 900 km Hanoi comprises two kinds of topographical features: the delta and the Middle Region of Bac Bo. Most of the deltaic land lies on both sides of the Red River and its tributaries (Duong, Day rivers, etc.). The Middle Region part comprises Soc Son district and a portion of Dong Anh district, prolongation of the Tam Dao mountainous mass. stretching towards the Delta; it is 7-10 m or sometimes even hundreds of meters above the sea level. That is why, Hanoi topography has an inclination in the direction North-South (from Soc Son - Dong Anh to Thanh Tri).thienquang.gif (15312 bytes)

Hanoi lies at the centre of the triangular basin of the Red River. 50 km from Hanoi to the North, lies the tourist site of Tam Dao, and at the same distance to the South-West is Ba Vi. In Hanoi region, the chain of Soc Son (Soc Mount).is a prolongation of the mountainous mass of Tam Dao, which culminates at a height of 308m. This chain has different appellations: Ma Mount, or Temple (Den) Mount (because there is a temple on the summit of the mountain, called Den Soc, at the place of which Giong Genius was deified, rising to the sky on his iron horse), or Ve Linh Mount. Soc Mount is situated in the commune of Phu Linh, Soc Son district. Besides, Hanoi has other hills and mountains rising above the flat ground: Sai Mount (Thuy Lam commune, Dong Anh district) Phuc Tuong Mount (Co Bi commune, Gia Lam district) and at the centre of Hanoi, above the area of the old Botanical Garden stands the Nung Mount, also called Long Do or Khan Mount, giving more picturesqueness to the configuration of Thang Long.

Rivers and Steamssonghong.gif (14132 bytes)
Many rivers flow through Hanoi. At first, there is the 1,183 km long Red River taking its course from Van Nam JOEL (China). Its section flowing through Hanoi from Dong Anh district to Thanh Tri district is 40 km long. The Duong the second largest river in Hanoi separates itself from the Red River at Xuan Canh (Xuan Canh commune, Dong Anh) then flows through the Ngoc Thuy, Yen Thuong communes, cuts the National Highway IA at the Duong Bridge, and through the territory of Gia Lam for 17 km, before running to the territory of Ha Bac province to empty itself into the Thai Binh Binh River. Besides these two rivers, Hanoi has many other waterways, which, although smaller and shorter, are connected with the long-standing history of Hanoi, for instance, the To Lich River has linked to the development of Hanoi for 1,500 years; its junction with the Red River (at the beginning of Cho Gao Street) being filled in at the end of the last century, there only exists the section flowing between the two streets, Thuy Khue - Hoang Hoa Tham and the Buoi market aurning to the South direction under the Giay Bridge, it runs through Nga Tu So towards the Buou

Climate
Hanoi region, lying in a plain, far from sea, belongs to the zone of hot climate under the influence of the South and Northeast monsoons. Winter is cold and dry; from February to March, drizzles and the Northeast monsoon are frequent. It is hot from April to June. From July to September, there are heavy rains and inundations. Autumn is the most beautiful season in Hanoi. Annual average rainfall in Hanoi is 1,678 nun. Temperature in January is 160C, in June 280C, sometimes it reaches 360-380C. So, the annual temperature varies from under 80C as minimum to 400C as maximum.

Transportation
From Hanoi, we can join every part of the country thanks to a convenient system of communication lines. Concerning aviation, there are Noi Bai International Airport (Soc Son district, 40 km, from the centre of Hanoi), Gia Lam Airport (8 km from Hanoi), which was the principal airport of Hanoi before the years 70 and is now one for helicopters ready to fly tourists to places of scenic beauty. Hanoi is a railway junction for domestic lines and also connected with international lines to Pekin (China) and to Europe... It is also a convergence point for land and shipping routes. It is said that "all roads lead to Hanoi".

Hanoi has been uniting many favourable conditions since long ago, since the day when King Ly Thai To decided to transfer his capital from Hoa Lu (Ninh Binh) to Dai La which became the capital Thang Long in the month of July of the Year Canh Tuat (1010), by the Royal Edict on the transfer of the capital. So, Ly Thai To was both the founder of the Ly Dynasty (1010-1225) and that of Thang Long - Hanoi.

Cyclo
& push bike

Hanoi taxi

Airport Taxi
Ha Noi
Tel: (844) 873 3333

City Taxi
Ha Noi
Tel: (844) 822 2222

Hanoi Taxi
Ha Noi
Tel: (844) 853 5252

Mai Linh Taxi
Ha Noi
Tel: (844) 822 2666

Hanoi bus www.hanoibus.com.vn
 

Population
In 1995, Hanoi had 2,326,000 inhabitants from the central area and the suburbs altogether. In the suburban districts and also a portion of Tay Ho district, most of the inhabitants are natives of Hanoi, whereas in the districts of the central area, the inhabitants came from different parts of the country to cam their living or to work in government offices and have settled there. Hanoi inhabitants are essentially the Viet but we can also notice the presence of other ethnicities.

Thanks to its geographical vantage-point, Hanoi enjoys a favourable position of a domestic and external trading centre. It is the hands and the minds of the labourious and creative Hanoians of the past and present that have made this city worthy of being the political, economic and cultural centre of the country, the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, one of the most attractive capitals in the world.

 

 Hanoi Geography

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